Arthritis is a joint disorder causing inflammation in one or more joints. It is common in adults 65 and older, but it can affect people of all ages. Arthritis is used to describe a range of different diseases and conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround joints, and other connective tissue. The most common form of the condition is osteoarthritis which occurs when the cartilage lining the bones in the joint breaks down due to wear and tear.
A Tension Headache is caused by a tightening of the muscles in the upper back, neck and head, and is the most common of all the various headache types. Many people cite stress as an important headache trigger. Feelings of stress or anxiety instruct the nervous system to initiate the ‘fight or flight’ response, which is characterised by shallow breathing, increased blood pressure and heart rate, and increased muscle tension. Women are more prone to react in this way to anxiety and depression than men.
Headaches may be caused by problems which have developed in the spinal joints of your neck (cervical headache). The spinal joints can become stiff and/or inflamed, causing the surrounding soft tissues and muscles to spasm. This can then cause local pain in the neck and associated pain to spread to the head (referred pain). Cervical headaches can be effectively treated by Physiotherapy.
There are a number of things like fractures, misalignment, arthritis, dental abscess and Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ). TMJ is the most common cause of jaw pain. It is most commonly caused by the grinding of teeth during sleep or while stressed. This overuse of the face muscles makes pain worse. It is important to learn to “switch off” or “relax” the muscles regularly during the day. A Regime of facial exercises can help relax and relieve this pain.
Bell's Palsy is a disorder that affects nerves and muscles in the face causing paralysis or drooping of one side of the face. It occurs when the nerve that controls the facial muscles is swollen, inflamed, or compressed. Most people who experience the condition are concerned about the unsightly unbalanced look it gives to their face but fortunately such imbalance resolves completely in most cases.
Understanding what condition you have and what you can do to help reduce your symptoms is half the battle. We will provide you with advice and education on exercises for neck pain aimed at reducing the likelihood of it recurring while giving you tips on how best to reduce pain on a day to day basis. This usually means working with a few home exercises to help compliment your sessions with the physiotherapist. By the time your sessions have come to an end you should feel, if not pain free already, that you are able to manage your condition while working towards a sustainable pain.
Whiplash is an injury to the neck that usually occurs in a motor vehicle accident. It affects the soft tissue (neck muscles) but can also involve the spinal joints and ligaments, the jaw joints, and the upper, mid and low back.
Other associated symptoms can include headaches, dizziness and anxiety.
The shoulder joint is an extremely flexible joint which allows us to move the arm in all directions. This wide range of joint movement however means the shoulder is very susceptible to injury. Shoulder muscles, shoulder injury, shoulder tendonitis.
A Dislocated Shoulder is a common shoulder injury in contact sports such as rugby and martial arts.
Despite the name, Golfers Elbow does not just affect golfers and is most often associated with work-related activities. It is equally common in men and women, peaking in prevalence between the ages of 30 and 50.
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) is a common cause of elbow pain. It is characterised by pain over the outer side of the elbow, which may radiate down the forearm. Tennis Elbow is equally common in men and women, peaking in prevalence between the ages of 30 and 50.
A Broken Wrist is among the most common broken bones, usually occurring following a fall on an outstretched hand. Risk factors for a Broken Wrist range from participation in certain sports such as skiing or football, to bone conditions such as osteoporosis, a condition in which bones become thinner and more fragile.
A Sprained Thumb is often referred to as Skier's Thumb, due to the prevalence of this injury during skiing. It is a common cause of thumb pain and swelling. Skier's Thumb refers to damage to the Ulnar Collateral Ligament at the base of the thumb. It is important to note that this injury is not exclusive to skiers and can occur to anyone where there is sufficient force applied to the thumb that takes it in a direction furthest away from the hand.
Finger, hand, or wrist problems may be caused by an injury, rheumatic arthritis or tendonosis. It could also be caused by repetitive motion syndrome or a writer’s thumb due to excessive use of particular fingers or muscles of the hand. The redness, swelling and tenderness of the affected area can be brought down by rest and exercise therapy.
Scoliosis in a growing child is always abnormal and has the potential to cause considerable disability and must be taken seriously. Scoliosis may not be the primary defect nor always require treatment. Minor asymmetry is common in children and may lead to unnecessary treatment and concern but a curve of more than 15 is of greater concern because there is potential for progression with growth.
Spondylosis is a type of Osteoarthritis of the spine. When the low back area is affected, it is known as "lumbar spondylosis" and when affecting the neck area, it is known as "cervical spondylosis". It is thought to be mainly a problem of "wear and tear" and ageing. When it occurs in the younger age groups, it is usually associated with injury or previous damage to the joint. Certain occupations may also make a person more prone to the condition.
Costochondritis is a painful condition of the chest wall. It is caused by inflammation in the joints between the cartilages that join the ribs to the breastbone (sternum). Although painful, it is not a serious condition. A combination of medicines, TENS and mild exercise therapy can bring relief.
IMP: Chest pain can have serious causes and the cause of it should be established by your physician.
Back pain can be caused by problems with discs, joints, muscles and ligaments. It is most often the result of acute trauma / injury, poor postural habits and the accumulation of physical stress on the spine but there are other causes of back pain such as inflammation, and rarer, more serious problems such as progressive diseases affecting bones and joints.
Sacroiliac joint problems are one of the most common causes of lower biomechanical back pain. Though a common pain, it can be helped with treatment from a physiotherapist.
A Groin Strain is a common injury to the muscles of the inner thigh. The groin muscles, known medically as the "adductor muscle" group, consist of six muscles that span the distance from the inner pelvis to the inner part of the femur (thigh bone). These muscles pull the legs together, and also help with other movements of the hip joint. The adductor muscles are important to many types of athletes including sprinters, swimmers, soccer players, and football players.
Perthes is a condition that affects growing children, and is characterised by a temporary loss of blood supply to the hip. Without an adequate blood supply, the “ball” in the socket of the hip becomes inadequate and the bone gradually breaks down. The area becomes inflamed and irritated.
A Thigh muscle strain is quite common in sports like football, where kicking is repeatedly practiced. A Thigh muscle strain refers to a tear in the Quadriceps muscle group. Usually, the muscle is forcibly stretched beyond its limits and the muscle tissue becomes torn. A tear in a Thigh muscle is referred to as a Thigh strain and depending on its severity it is classified as a first, second or third degree strain.
Sciatica is a specific pain that originates from the sciatic nerves which each run from one side of the pelvis through the hip and buttocks and down the leg. The Sciatic nerve forms what is effectively an electrical cable to and from the brain. Sciatica is a condition where pain, weakness or altered sensation can be experienced in the buttock, hamstring, calf or foot but stem from the spine, via the Sciatic nerve.
Hamstring Injury is common in sports and is sometimes known as a 'pulled Hamstring'. The term 'pulled muscle' comes from the description of how the injury takes place. Usually, the Hamstring muscle is forcibly stretched beyond its limits and the muscle tissue becomes torn. A tear in the Hamstring muscle is referred to as a Hamstring strain by medical professionals.
There are many types of knee injuries and conditions, which can be treated successfully by Physiotherapy. These range from ligament and cartilage problems to tendon and muscular strains.Our Physiotherapists are experts in assessing the cause of your knee pain and in treating the problem effectively.
Jumper's Knee is the common term for Patellar Tendonitis. Typically knee pain comes on gradually if running, jumping and landing activities are practised too much, because the strain on the Patellar Tendon becomes too great and microscopic damage develops in the tissue that makes up the tendon.Early recognition by a doctor or Chartered Physiotherapist is important as the outcome is better if treatment is initiated early. In minor cases of Jumper's knee, a Patellar Tendon strap can be effective in relieving symptoms. We have these available for sale in the retail section of our clinic.
Runners Knee is a painful overuse knee injury that affects the outer part of the knee. It is fairly common in runners and cyclists. It is reported to affect 2-10% of all runners, while around a quarter of all knee injuries in cyclists are diagnosed as Runners Knee.
A Calf Muscle Injury is common in sports and are sometimes known as a 'pulled calf'. The term 'pulled muscle' comes from the description of how the injury takes place. Usually the calf muscle is forcibly stretched beyond its limits and the muscle tissue becomes torn. A tear in the calf muscle is referred to as a calf strain and depending on its severity it is classified as a first, second or third degree strain.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful condition that causes pain just below the knee cap. It most commonly occurs in teenagers who play a lot of sport involving kicking, running or jumping. It causes pain and swelling just below the knee. Using an ice pack and physiotherapy usually helps.
This is a common term for shin pain during running. It can be a misleading term and most sports medicine professionals try to avoid using it. This is because shin pain and 'Shin Splints' can be due to several different conditions.One of the most common shin conditions that are frequently labelled as Shin-Splints is Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome.
Soft tissue injuries are injuries related to the soft tissues of the body (muscle, tendon, ligament and nerve). Specific diagnosis can be made by our Physiotherapists to determine what structure is involved and how advanced or severe the sprain, strain or tear is.
A Sprained Ankle is one of the most common injuries caused by participation in sports. It refers to soft tissue damage around the ankle, usually caused by an inversion injury (where the ankle is twisted inwards) or an eversion injury (where the ankle is twisted outwards). Because of the position of the bones around the ankle, the inversion injury is far more common.This injury causes damage to the lateral ligaments on the outside of the ankle.
Whether you're a walker,a runner or just trying to get from A to B, any foot pain can make life difficult. There are a number of contributing factors which can cause discomfort and pain in the foot. Foot pain can be caused by genetically inherited conditions such as a mechanical imbalance in the foot, or developed from an injury or inappropriate foot wear.
As there are several potential causes, it is important to have Heel Pain properly diagnosed. Our Chartered Physiotherapists will be able to accurately diagnose the underlying source of your Heel Pain so that appropriate treatment can be applied.